Showing posts with label DOCUMENTARY. Show all posts
Showing posts with label DOCUMENTARY. Show all posts

The Collection of 2019 Nobel Prize Winners


Three scientists have shared chemistry nobel for developing Lithium-Ion batteries. The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry have been awarded to John D Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries, the Nobel Committee concluded.

Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionised our lives and are used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles. Through their work, this year’s Chemistry Laureates have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society, the Nobel Committee said in a statement.

At the age of 96, Prof Goodenough is the oldest person ever to win the award.

Peter Handke, Olga Tokarczuk Win Literature Nobel for 2019, 2018







The Nobel Prize for literature for the year 2019 went to Austrian author Peter Handke, while Polish author Olga Tokarczuk will recieve the prize for 2018, the Nobel Committee announced on Thursday.

Two Nobel Prizes in literature one for 2019 and one for last year were announced on Thursday after the 2018 literature award was postponed following sex abuse allegations that had rocked the Swedish Academy.

Mr. Handke’s debut novel Die Hornissen was published in 1966. Together with the play Publikumsbeschimpfung (‘Offending the Audience’, 1969), he certainly set his mark on the literary scene.

The peculiar art of Peter Handke, awarded the 2019 NobelPrize in Literature, is the extraordinary attention to landscapes and the material presence of the world, which has made cinema and painting two of his greatest sources of inspiration.

Polish author Olga Tokarczuk has been chosen "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life,” the committee said in a statement.


James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz Get Nobel Prize for Physics

The Nobel Prize for Physics has been awarded to James Peebles for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology, and Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for discovering an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics rewards new understanding of the universe’s structure and history, and the first discovery of a planet orbiting a solar-type star outside our solar system. The discoveries have forever changed our conceptions of the world, a statement from the Nobel Assembly at Sweden's Royal Academy of Sciences said.

James Peebles took on the cosmos, with its billions of galaxies and galaxy clusters. His theoretical framework, developed over two decades, is the foundation of our modern understanding of the universe’s history, from the Big Bang to the present day.

The discovery by 2019 Nobel Prize laureates Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz started a revolution in astronomy and over 4,000 exoplanets have since been found in the Milky Way. Strange new worlds are still being discovered, with an incredible wealth of sizes, forms and orbits, the statement said.

Biography : The Life History of Robert Mugabe


Robert Mugabe was born on 21 February 1924, in what was then Rhodesia. He was imprisoned for more than ten years without trial after criticising the government of Rhodesia in 1964.

In 1973, while still in prison, he was chosen as president of the Zimbabwe African National Union (Zanu), of which he was a founding member.

After criticising the government of Rhodesia in 1964 he was imprisoned for more than a decade without trial.

Mr Mugabe assumed the reputation of a "strongman" leader - all-powerful, ruling by threats and violence but with a strong base of support. An increasing number of critics labelled him a dictator.

The security forces kept Mr Mugabe and his party, Zanu-PF, in power - mostly through terror. But eventually even the army turned against him, and pushed him out.

Few nations have ever been so bound, so shackled, to one man. For decades, Mugabe was Zimbabwe: a ruthless, bitter, sometimes charming man - who helped ruin the land he loved.

In 2000, he seized land from white owners, and in 2008, used violent militias to silence his political opponents during an election. He famously declared that only God could remove him from office.

In 2017, amid concerns that he was grooming his wife Grace as his successor, the army - his long-time ally - turned against the president and forced him to step down.George Walden, one of the British negotiators at the Lancaster House Agreement in 1979 which ended white-minority rule, said Mr Mugabe was a "true monster".

Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta said Mr Mugabe had "played a major role in shaping the interests of the African continent" and was "a man of courage who was never afraid to fight for what he believed in even when it was not popular".

Veronica Madgen and her husband ran one of the largest farms in Zimbabwe before it was invaded by Mr Mugabe's supporters, forcing the family to come to the UK. She recalled: "The tractors [were] being burnt, the motorcycles [were] being burnt, stones [were being] thrown through the window… It was very difficult to actually come to terms with what was happening.In his later years, people called him all sorts of names, but now is probably the time when Zimbabweans will think back to his 37 years in power, she says.

Kenya will fly all its flags at half-mast this weekend in honour of Mr Mugabe, he said.The agreement "turned out rather well... and looked good for a while", but Mr Mugabe later became "a grossly corrupt, vicious dictator", he said. Zimbabwean Senator David Coltart, once labelled "an enemy of the state" by Mr Mugabe, said his legacy had been marred by his adherence to violence as a political tool.

Mr Mugabe was ousted from power in a military coup in November 2017, ending his three-decade reign. Mr Mugabe had been receiving treatment in a hospital in Singapore since April. He was ousted in a military coup in 2017 after 37 years in power.

The  former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe died aged at 95. Robert Mugabe, was the Zimbabwe's first post-independence leader.

His successor, Emmerson Mnangagwa, expressed his "utmost sadness", calling Mr Mugabe "an icon of liberation". More so, the Zimbabwe's education secretary Fadzayi Mahere tweeted: "Rest In Peace, Robert Mugabe."

Robert Mugabe died after battling ill health on the 6th August, 2019

Kami R. Sherpa Sets Another Record for Mountain Climbers

Kami Rita Sherpa

Kami Rita Sherpa set another record for mountain climbers. He has climbed Mount Everest for twenty fourth times. He first climbed Mount Everest in 1994 and currently climbed 24th time in 2019.

Kami Rita Sherpa whose current age is  49 years , successfully scaled the world's tallest mountain named Mount Everest on 21st May, 2019. Sherpa  hails from Nepal

He has set a new Mount Everest record, making it to the top for the 24th time - with his second summit in only seven days.

It was his second record in seven days, having reached the summit for the 23rd time on 15 May and he has became a guide for international companies that organise climbing expeditions.

He says he has no plans to retire, and hopes to clock up more ascents in the years to come.

"I can climb for a few more years," he told before the 23rd attempt one week ago. "I am healthy - I can keep going until I am 60 years old. With oxygen it's no big deal."



Facts About Ghana

Kwame Nkrumah made the Independence Day Declaration around the midnight (12.00am) of 6th March, 1957 at the Old Polo Grounds. Together with him on the platform stood Komla Gbedemah, Kojo Botsio, Archie Casely-Hayford, Krobo Edusei and N.A. Wellbeck. They all wore smock. On the Day of Independence Declaration, Kwame Nkrumah was just a Prime Minister. In fact, at that same time, Sir Charles Arden-Clarke was sworn in as the first Governor-General (president) of Ghana. Nkrumah only became President on 1st July, 1960 (i.e. Republic Day).
        
On 18th September 1956, it was decided and announced that the official date for Ghana to be declared Independent was set to be 6th March 1957. Note that Ghana didn't become Independent on 6th March, 1957, it was just the Declaration that was done on this day.

“The Big Six” in Ghana's history are ;
Dr. Ebenezer Ako-Adjei,
Dr. Edward Akuffo Ado,
Dr. Joseph Boakye Danquah,
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah,
Mr. Emmanuel Obetsebi-Lamptey and Mr. William Ofori Attah.

H.E Nana Addo Danquah Akufo-Addo, the current President of Ghana, is related by blood to three members of "The Big Six": Edward Akufo-Addo (his biological father), William Ofori Atta (his mother's brother) and J.B Danquah (his grand uncle)

The country Gold Coast was officially approved to be renamed as Ghana on 12th November 1956. The name Ghana was suggested by J.B Danquah. Dr. Nkrumah and Dr. JB Danquah conducted a research and found out that majority of Ghanaians, at that time, were Akans and descended from the “Ancient Empire of Ghana (south east of Mauritania and west of Mali)". And “Ghana” was the title name of the ruling kings of that empire. Hence, the name.

 The Ghana Flag was designed by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh and was first and officially raised/lifted on Independence Day 6th March 1957. The flag was made up of red, gold and green with a 5-pointed black star dotted on the gold in the middle.
     
The colours of the flag, however, were changed on 1 January 1964. The new colours were red, white and green with a black star in the middle. These colours were to reflect the identity of the CPP, which was the ruling party at the time. However the original flag with its original colors was reinstated 28th February 1966 upon Nkrumah's overthrow. The colour red stands for the remembrance of the bloodshed that occurred in the long struggle to get independence. The colour “gold” stands for the riches that our country is blessed with. And “green” stands for the enormous green lands, forest and rich vegetation our land is blessed with.
       
Now, the black star. Many think it represents the Hope of Africa, it's not entirely the case! It is believed to have been borrowed from the flag of Marcus Garvey’s (a mentor of Kwame Nkrumah) shipping line which carried a black star. This shipping line brought most of the African freedom fighters and symbolizes Africa's strong unity in the fight against colonialism.

Now, the National Anthem. The current national anthem was composed by Mr. Phillip Gbeho in 1957 and it has 3 stanzas. The original lyrics of the national anthem also changed along the way. It originally had the following lyrics:

“Lord God our Father we pray thee, be thou our guide in all our ways, May we unite together, proclaim the dawn of our new day! Children of Ghana arise and uphold your cause and blaze the trail of freedom far and wide, O God our Father harken to our call and bring us peace here in our fatherland.”
However, after the overthrow of Dr. Nkrumah on 24 February 1966, the lyrics was adjusted. A student (back in those days of course) named Michael Kwame Gbordzoe (Now Dr. Michael Kwame Gbordzoe) supposedly wrote the lyrics of “God Bless Our Homeland Ghana”. And these lyrics have been used ever since the 1970’s.

Before Independence, Ghana's currency was the British pound, shilling and pence. However, when Ghana gained its independence in 1957, a new monetary currency was implemented: The Ghanaian pounds, pence and shillings. These were used from 1958 till 1965.

After 1965, the government of Ghana introduced a new currency called “Cedi” notes and the “Pesewas” coins. The word “Cedi” actually means “Cowry Shell” (sea snails) in the Akan language. These cowry shells were actually used as money in our country…way back in the days.

Ghana became 62years old on Wednesday, 6th March, 2019. This day, Wednesday, coincides with the original Independence Day on 6th March, 1957. It was also a Wednesday. The theme for this year's Independence is "Celebrating Peace and Unity" and shall be hosted in Tamale to commensurate with the unity in Dagbon.

The Body of a Mysterious Sea Creature Has Washed Up in Namibia

Despite not being seen often, Cuvier's beaked whales are actually incredibly common. On the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species they're listed as of "least concern" and it's believed there are around 100,000 of them living in oceans all across the world. The reason they're not often sighted is because they can dive incredibly deep - reaching depths of almost 1,000 metres (3,300 feet).


The corpse of a mysterious, 6-metre (20-foot) long sea creature washed up in Namibia, confusing experts over whether the remains belonged to a whale or a dolphin. Scientists have now identified the animal - and it's a unique deep-diving species of whale that hasn't been seen in Namibia since 2000. After measuring the body and analysing its head shape, researchers are confident that the creature is a Cuvier's beaked whale (Ziphius cavirostris).

The only member of the Ziphius genus, the species is the most commonly sited beaked whale, but it hasn't been seen in Namibia since 2000, according to Simon Elwen, an investigator with the Namibian Dolphin project. "I was quite surprised," Elwen told the Daily Mail. "These animals are rarely seen in the water, so to see them on land is very unique.



STOLEN CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS LETTER RETURNED TO SPAIN

Mr Morenes described the event as "a showcase of the ties that bind the United States and Spain together". Homeland Security Investigations, a division of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE), conducted the investigation with the Department of Justice (DOJ), according to a statement from ICE.

The letter was a manual copy of the original, known as the Catalonia Plannck II Columbus and written in Spanish to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. It describes the people, landscape and wealth Columbus found when he arrived in the Americas.

The US  returned a 500-year-old stolen Christopher Columbus letter to Spain after a seven-year hunt. Written in 1493, the letter describes the explorer's discoveries in the New World and was addressed to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain.

However, authorities received a tip in 2011 that several copies had been stolen and replaced with forgeries. Spain's US ambassador Pedro Morenes received the letter in a repatriation ceremony in Washington.



10TH ANNIVERSARY OF 2008 XENOPHOBIC ATTACKS


Kwere is an offensive term used by black people to refer to foreign Africans. Petersen says they want to provoke thought around the issue of the attack on foreign nationals.

Africa Awake is commemorating the 10th anniversary of the 2008 xenophobic attacks by remembering the victims.

In 2008, a xenophobic attack erupted in South Africa claiming over 50 lives and leaving over 15,000 people displaced.

Africa Awake will showcase a documentary and an exhibition at 56Pim Studio in Newtown on Thursday.

The documentary, Blood and Fire, is based on Ernesto Nhamuave, a Mozambican who was burned alive in the Ramaphosa informal settlement in the East Rand.

Speaking to Eyewitness News, Africa Awake’s director Romy Petersen says they have themed the event “Kwere” to dismantle negative connotations around foreign nationals in the country.