SAFEGUARDING AND CHILD PROTECTION IN SCHOOLS

Safeguarding and Child Protection in School

Child protection refers to the prevention of and response to abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence against children.
PROBLEMS CHILDREN ENCOUNTER.
  1. CHILD LABOUR: Due to economic reasons, children are forced to work in order to survive. This often happens in difficult condition.
  2. CHILD ABUSE: This is the failure to act by a parent or other caregiver that result in actual or potential harm to a child. It can be physical, sexual, psychological abuse and can occur in a child’s home, school or communities the child interacts with.

SIGNS OF PHYSICAL ABUSE.
  1. Bruises or other injuries that does not match the child’s story.
  2. Medical or dental issues that go untreated.
  3. Wearing clothing that doesn’t match the weather such as long sleeves on hot days to cover up bruises.
  4. Afraid to go home.
  5. Withdrawing from friends and activities.

SIGNS OF SEXUAL ABUSE.
  1. Avoiding a certain person for no clear reason.
  2. Blooding, torn or stained underwear.
  3. Pain or itching around the genital that might cause problems walking or sitting.
  4. Sexual activity or knowledge that people usually have only when they are older.
  5. Running away from home.
SIGNS OF EMOTIONAL /PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE.
  1. Speech problems or delay in learning.
  2. Depression and low self esteem.
  3. Doing poorly in school.
  4. Headaches and stomachaches with no clear cause.  
  1. NEGLECT: failure to take adequate measures to safeguard a child from harm and gross negligence in providing for a child basic need. If a child is physically and  sexually abuse then there is an abusive person responsible for the assault and a negligent person responsible for failing to protect the child from the assault.


HOW SCHOOL CAN PROTECT CHILDREN FROM ABUSE AND HARM.
Schools play an essential role in protecting children from abuse. They have regular contact with children and young people so they are in a strong position to identify signs of abuse and neglect.
School can safeguard children by:
  1. Creating safe and transparent physical environment:- children visible in classrooms and around schools.
  2. Making sure staff  are trained, knowing how to respond to concerns and up keep of the children.
  3. Teaching children and young people about staying safe, especially adolescent girls.
  4. Maintaining an environment where children feel confident to approach any member of staff if they have worry or problem.
  5. Ensuring that adult who work in the school don’t pose a risk to children.
  6. Designating and training staff who will be responsible for dealing with child protection.  
  7. Establish and enforce policy of zero tolerance rules: bullying and exclusion of pupils in the classroom.
ROLES OF TEACHER IN CHILD PROTECTION.
  1. Teachers should be able to indentify pupils who are suffering or at risk of harm and take suitable action.
  2. School staff  should listen to and work closely with parents to make sure the child feel safe and protected in the school environment.
  3. Teachers should not ignore or neglect any child physical, medical, or emotional needs.
  4. If a teacher suspects that a child is being abuse he or she should report to the person/teacher responsible for child protection.
  5. Pupils should be taught moral lessons time to time.
Conclusively, building a protective net around children is the responsibility of all members of the society whether directly charged with the care of children or not.