What Is Infantile Convulsion/Seizures In Children ?

Infantile convulsion is an attack of unconsciousness of violent onset. It is an imbalance body heat (hyperthermia and hypothermia). It is also known as seizures in children. They are most often the result of a raised body temperature associated with a throat or ear infection or other infectious disease. This type of seizure is known as a febrile convulsion and is a reaction of the brain to high body temperature. Epilepsy is another possible cause of seizures in infants and children. Although seizures can be alarming, they are rarely dangerous if properly dealt with. For safety’s sake, however, the child should be seen at a hospital to rule out any serious underlying condition.
Aims of Treatment
  • To protect the child from injury
  • To cool the child
  • To reassure the parents or carer
  • To arrange removal to hospital.
Causes of Convulsion/Seizures
  • High fever
  • Severe dehydration
  • Poisoning
  • Acute infections disease
Signs and Symptoms of Convulsion/Seizures
  • Rigidity of muscle. Violent muscle twitching, with clenched fists and an arched back.
  • Jacking of limbs
  • Twitching of the face with squinting, fixed or upturned eyes.
  • Obvious signs of fever: hot, flushed skin, and perhaps sweating.
  • Breath-holding, with red, “puffy” face and neck or drooling at the mouth.
  • Loss or impairment of consciousness
Treatment of Convulsion/Seizures
  • Protect the child from injury. Position pillows or soft padding around the child so that even violent movement will not result in injury.
  • Remove any covering or clothes. Ensure a good supply of cool, fresh air (but be careful not to overcool the child)
  • Use towel to cool the child’s skin with tepid water; start at his forehead and work down his body.
  • Once the seizures have stopped, keep the airway open by placing the child in the recovery position.
  • Reassure the child and parents or career. Monitor and record vital signs, level of response, pulse, and breathing until medical help arrives or you get to the hospital.