Newcastle Makes Miguel Almiron The Most Expensive Signing In The Club’s History

Newcastle are hoping to benefit from a similar contribution after making Miguel Almiron the most expensive signing in the club’s history – with a big-money deal topping the £15m ($20m) paid for Michael Owen back in 2005.

Almiron is delighted to have earned such a show of faith, "I’m very happy and eager to start and to meet my new team mates."

Miguel Almiron has completed his club-record £20 million ($27m) move to Newcastle, with the 24-year-old forward penning a five-and-a-half-year contract.

The Paraguay international, whose terms are due to run until the summer of 2024, arrives at St James’ Park from Major League Soccer side Atlanta United.

He helped them to MLS Cup glory in 2018, netting 13 goals and providing as many assists along the way.

The Overview of Linear Programming

Linear Programming is a mathematical device developed by the mathematician George Dantzig in 1947 for planning the diversified activities of the US Air Force connected with the problem of supplies to the forces. Linear or mathematical programming, also known as activity analysis, has been further developed in its application to the firm, managerial economics and finally to development planning. It is a mathematical technique for the analysis of optimum decisions, subject to certain constraints in the form of linear inequalities.

Mathematically speaking, it applies to those problems which require the solution of maximization or minimization problems subject to a system of linear inequalities stated in terms of certain variables.
The problems of maximization and minimization are also called optimization problems. When cost and price per unit change with the size of output, the problem is non – linear and if they do not change with output, the problem is linear. Linear programming may thus be defined as a method to decide the optimum combination of factors to produce a given output or the optimum combination of products to be produced by given plan and equipment. It is also used to decide between a variety of techniques to produce a commodity. The technique involved in linear programming is similar to the one adopted in input – output analysis for the industry.
Conditions And Generalisations Of Linear Programming
You should know that for any principle to hold in any situation, certain conditions and generalizations has to be satisfied. The application of linear programming (LP) technique to any problem rests on certain conditions and generalizations.
First, there is a definite objective. It may be the maximization of profits or national income or employment of the minimization of costs. It is known as the objective function or the criterion function. If a quantity is maximized, its negative quantity is minimized. Every maximization problem has its dual problem, that of minimization. The original problem is the primal problem which always has its dual. If the primal problem pertains to maximization, the dual involves minimization and vice versa.
Secondly there should be alternative production processes for achieving the objective. The concept of process or activity is the most important in linear programming. A process is a specific method of performing an economic task. It is some physical operation, e.g consuming something, storing something, selling something, throwing something away, as well as manufacturing something in a particular manner. The LP technique enables the planning authority to choose the most efficient and economical process in attaining the objectives.
Thirdly, there must be certain constraints or restraints of the problem. They are the limitations or restrictions pertaining to certain conditions of the problems, as to what cannot be done and what has to be done. They are also known as inequalities. They may be limitations of resources such as land, labour or capital.
Fourthly, there are the choice variables, the various production processes or activities so as to maximize or minimize the objective function and to satify all the restraints.
Lastly, there are the feasible and optimal solutions. Given the income of the consumer and the prices of goods, feasible solutions are all possible combinations of the goods he can feasibly buy. Feasible solutions of two goods for the consumer are all combinations that lie on and to the left of the budget line. Whereas, on an isocost line, they are the combinations that lie on and to right of it. We may put it differently that a feasible solution is one which satisfies all the restraints.
The optimal solution is the best of the feasible solutions. If a feasible solution maximizes or minimizes the objective function, it is an optimal solution. The best available procedure for finding out the optimal solution out of the possible feasible solutions is the simplex method. It is a highly mathematical and technical method involved in linear programming.
However, the main aim of linear programming is to find out optimal solutions and study their characteristics.
Assumptions Of Linear Programming Technique
The linear programming analysis is based upon the following assumptions;
i. The decision-making body is faced with certain constraints or resource restrictions. They may be credit, raw material and space constraints on its activities. The type of constraints in fact depend upon the nature of problem. Mostly, they are fixed factors in they production process.
ii. It assumes a limited number of alternative production processes.
iii. It assumes linear relations among the different variables which implies constant proportionality between inputs and outputs within a process.
iv. Input – output prices and coefficients are given and constant. They are known with certainty.
v. The assumption of additivity also underlies linear programming techniques which means that the total resources used by all firms must equal the sum of resources used by each individual firm.
vi. The LP technique assumes continuity and divisibility in produces and factors.
vii. Institutional factors are also assumed to be constan

Limitations Of Linear Programming
Linear programming has turned out to be a highly useful tool of analysis in development planning. But it has its limitations. As a matter of fact, actual planning problems cannot be solved directly by the LP technique due to a number of restraints.
Firstly, it is not easy to define a specific objective function.
Secondly, even if a specific objective function is laid down, it may not be so easy to find out the various social institutional, financial and other constraints which may be operative in pursuing the given objective.
Thirdly, given a specific objective and a set of constraints, it is possible that the constraints may not be directly expressible as linear inequalities.
Fourthly, even if the above problems are surmounted, a major problem is one of estimating relevant value of the various constant co-efficients that enter into an LP problem, i.e. population, prices, etc.
Fifthly, one of the defects of this technique is that it is based on the assumption of linear relations between inputs and outputs. This implies that inputs and outputs are additive, multiplicative and divisible. But the relations between inputs and outputs are not always
linear. In real life, most of the relations are non-linear.
Sixth, this technique assumes perfect competition in product and factor markets. But perfect competition is not a reality.
Seventh, the LP technique is based on the assumption of constant returns in the economy. In reality, there are either diminishing or increasing returns.
To further buttress this point, it is a highly mathematical and complicated technique. The solution of a problem with linear programming requires the maximization or minimization of a clearly specified variable. The solution of a linear programming problem is also arrived at with the Simplex method which involves a large number of mathematical calculations.
It requires a special computational technique, an electric computer or desk calculator. Such computers are not only costly, but also require experts to operate them. Mostly, the LP models present trial-and-error solutions and it is difficult to find out really optimal solutions to the various economic problems.
Uses Of Linear Programming In Planning
Linear programming as a tool of economic development is more realistic than the input￾output approach. In input-output analysis only one method is adopted to produce a commodity. It does not take into consideration the bottlenecks (constraints) which a development project has to face in underdeveloped countries. But in linear programming a definite objective is set to maximize income or minimize costs.
All possible processes or techniques are taken into account for achieving the desired objective. This necessitates even the substitution of one factor for another till the most efficient and economical process is evolved. So projects and techniques which are too uneconomical to implement are not undertaken.
By assuming certain constraints, linear programming as a tool of development planning is superior to the input-output technique. In underdeveloped countries, the planning agencies are faced with such constraints as the lack of sufficient capital and machinery, growing populations, etc. Resources exist that cannot be used properly for want of the co operant factors. Linear programming takes to due note of
these constraints and helps in evolving an optimum plan for attaining the objectives within a specified period of time. Thus the LP technique has been used for constructing theoretical multi- sector planning models for countries like India. Such models extend the consistency models of the input-output type to optimization of income or employment or any other quantifiable plan objective under the constraints of limited resources and technological conditions of production.
In practice, however, the LP technique is being used in solving a limited number of economic problems in developing countries. This is due to the lack of proper personnel for working out mathematical equations and for operating highly mechanical computers.
Mostly the LP technique has been found to be extremely useful for sectoral planning in developing countries, for example, in selecting optimum alternatives in respect of location and technologies in industries, transport, and power or in farm management.This technique is being used in farm management for determining the optimum combination of different crops e.g Livestock and crops. The objective function used in such studies is either the minimization of costs or the maximization of income.
The constraints are set by pre-determined levels of demand or the availability of resources such as raw materials or capacity. Besides, this technique is being used for the solution of diet problem where the aim is to minimize costs, given the values of minimum nutrients of the diet and the prices of products as constraints. It is also with the LP technique that the transport problems is being solved by the railways, airways and transport companies with regard to the selection of routes, transportation of goods, allocation of the means of transport ( i.e. railway, wagons, aircrafts,trucks etc.depending on the type of transport under study).Again, this technique is used to assign jobs to the work force for maximum effectiveness and optimum results subject to constraints of wages and other costs.
Similarly, purchasing, assembling, production and marketing problems are being solved through the LP technique in order to minimize costs and maximize profits, given the various constraints in the case of each problem. However, for an extensive use of this technique for development planning, developing economies will have to depend upon larger resources of trained personnel, and finance.

You can also read;
The Evolution Of Money
Summary and Conclusion
From our discussion so far on the introduction to linear programming as a concept , we can deduce the following facts:
That Linear or mathematical programming, also known as activity analysis, has been further developed in its application to the firm, managerial economics and finally to development planning for the analysis of optimum decisions, subject to certain constraints in the form of linear inequalities. It also applies to those problems which require the solution of maximization or minimization problems subject to a system of linear inequalities stated in terms of certain variables which is also regarded as Optimisation problems. Mostly the LP technique has been found to be extremely useful for sectoral planning in developing countries, for example, in selecting optimum alternatives in respect of location and technologies in industries, transport, and power or in farm management.
Also, from the point of view of our discussion, you have learnt that the main aim of linear programming is to find out optimal solutions and study their characteristics.  Production capacity technique of LP, Limitations of linear programming technique and the uses of linear programming technique in planning. Also, from the point of view of our discussion, you have learnt that the main aim of linear programming is to find out optimal solutions to available constraints posed by available resources.


  • Jhingan M.L. (2007):- The Economics of development and planning, Vrinda publications India. (39th Edition).
  • Michael P. Todaro and Stephen C Smith (2011).Economic development, pearson education ltd, Edinburgh gate harlow, Essex, England.
  • Michael P.Todaro: Development planning, models and methods, Chapter 2-3.
  • Akosile I.O, Adesanya A.S Ajani A.O (2012):- Management of development ( A Nigeria per spective ) Olas Ventures, Mushin, Lagos.
  • Olajide O.T (2004):_ Theories of Economics development and planning, Lagos, Nigeria, Pumark Nigeria Ltd.
  • Otokiti S.O (1999):- Issnes and strategies in Economic Planning, Bitico publishers,Ibadan

Marouane Fellaini Moves to China

Marouane Fellaini, the 31-year-old has been with the Old Trafford giants since 2013, with the former Everton midfielder establishing himself as a key figure under Jose Mourinho.

Fellaini was rewarded over the summer with a new and improved deal until 2020, with the option of a further year, but a move to China is now on the cards.

Fellaini has only managed 31 minutes since Ole Gunnar Solskjaer took caretaker charge last month, although a calf injury has ruled him out of recent matches.

The Manchester United midfielder Marouane Fellaini is on the cusp of a move to China after passing a medical with Shandong Luneng, according to reports.

Moreso, the Belgium midfielder was active on his Instagram story on Thursday morning, posting a photo after his arrival.

North Korea Establish A permanent And Durable Peace Mechanism On The Korean Peninsula

North Korea’s Ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva, Han Tae-song, told the UN-sponsored Conference on Disarmament that Pyongyang would continue working to establish a “permanent and durable peace mechanism on the Korean peninsula”.

North Korea said on Tuesday that relations with the U.S. will develop “wonderfully at a fast pace” if Washington responds to its efforts on denuclearisation with trustworthy measures and practical actions.

“If the U.S. responds to our efforts with trustworthy measures and corresponding practical actions, bilateral relations will develop wonderfully at a fast pace through the process of taking more definite and epoch-making steps,” he said.

He referred to the joint statement issued after the Donald Trump-Kim Jong-un meeting in Singapore last year and Mr. Kim’s New Year address, adding: “Accordingly we declared that we would neither make and test nuclear weapons any longer nor use and proliferate them and we have taken various practical measures.

Arsenal beat Cardiff City 2-1 at the Emirates Stadium,

After pre-match tributes to Cardiff's missing striker Emiliano Sala, the visitors gave a good account of themselves in a first half of few chances, looking just as lively as their hosts, though they were perhaps fortunate Ecuele Manga did not concede a spot-kick shortly before the interval.

Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang and Alexandre Lacazette were on target as an unconvincing Arsenal beat Cardiff City 2-1 at the Emirates Stadium, bouncing back from defeat to Manchester United in the FA Cup.

Unai Emery's men failed to impress despite largely controlling proceedings, though they benefited from Bruno Ecuele Manga's haplessness at the back for Aubameyang's penalty, and Lacazette put the game beyond Cardiff before Nathaniel Mendez-Laing's stoppage-time consolation.

The Gabonese defender failed to learn his lesson, however, finding himself penalised in the second period and his compatriot Aubameyang converted, before Lacazette put the result beyond doubt with a fine effort of his own. Mendez-Laing pulled one back with an excellent left-footed finish, but it amounted to little.

Poland International Had Made His Debut Off The Bench

The Poland international had made his debut off the bench in the 0-0 draw between the teams last Saturday, yet his finishing abilities made sure there was no repeat of that Serie A stalemate.

Krzysztof Piatek marked his first AC Milan start by scoring both goals as AC Milan reached the Coppa Italia semi-finals with a 2-0 win over Napoli on Tuesday.

New boy Piatek - signed by the Rossoneri from Genoa to replace the departed Gonzalo Higuain - quickly endeared himself to Milan fans, striking twice in the first half to become an instant hero with the San Siro faithful.

Both times he capitalised on space available through Napoli's right channel; his opener was tucked home with finesse when clean through but his second was all about power, a right-footed rocket fizzing past visiting goalkeeper Alex Meret.

It Is Not About How You Start

Have you ever found yourself looking at other people and wishing you had their life? Maybe it is someone famous or just the person you sit next to in your maths class. We end up thinking that the rest of our life would be so much better  if we had what they have. But your background does not to dictate the rest of your life.

Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was born in Macedonia in 1910. She had a relatively poor upbringing in an area that was being torn apart by religious intolerance and political upheaval. When she was seven , her father was killed.

Not the greatest of the starts in life! By the time Agnes was twelve she had decided that God wanted her to make a difference with her life and so six years later when she was eighteen, she moved into a convent in Ireland and became a nun.

Later, Agnes moved to India. She felt God telling her to” follow Jesus into the slums” and started a work with the poor that would have a worldwide impact. Agnes became one of the greatest leaders the world has ever seen - motivating thousands of people to reach out to those others would not touch. You might know her better as Mother Teresa.

Bible Text
Micah 5:1-5

1NIV:Marshal your troops now, city of troops, for a siege is laid against us. They will strike Israel’s ruler on the cheek with a rod.
2NIV:“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”
3NIV:Therefore Israel will be abandoned until the time when she who is in labor bears a son, and the rest of his brothers return to join the Israelites.
4NIV:He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God. And they will live securely, for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth.
5NIV:And he will be our peace when the Assyrians invade our land and march through our fortresses. We will raise against them seven shepherds, even eight commanders,
6NIV:who will rule the land of Assyria with the sword, the land of Nimrod with drawn sword. He will deliver us from the Assyrians when they invade our land and march across our borders.
7NIV:The remnant of Jacob will be in the midst of many peoples like dew from the Lord, like showers on the grass, which do not wait for anyone or depend on man.
8NIV:The remnant of Jacob will be among the nations, in the midst of many peoples, like a lion among the beasts of the forest, like a young lion among flocks of sheep, which mauls and mangles as it goes, and no one can rescue.
9NIV:Your hand will be lifted up in triumph over your enemies, and all your foes will be destroyed.
10NIV:“In that day,” declares the Lord, “I will destroy your horses from among you and demolish your chariots.
11NIV:I will destroy the cities of your land and tear down all your strongholds.
12NIV:I will destroy your witchcraft and you will no longer cast spells.
13NIV:I will destroy your idols and your sacred stones from among you; you will no longer bow down to the work of your hands.
14NIV:I will uproot from among you your Asherah poles when I demolish your cities.
15NIV:I will take vengeance in anger and wrath on the nations that have not obeyed me.

Questions to Consider
  • What similarities are between Jesus’ background and Mother's Teresa?
  • What makes someone like Mother Teresa want to make a difference in the world?

Motion Points
  • Talking to God and asking him to show yoiu where he wants you to leaad.
  • Talking to your youth leader about ways in which you can begin to make a difference in your local area.

Hymn for Today

Further Study
  • Joshua 1:1-9
  • 1 to Timothy 4:12
  • Titus1:5-9

Almighty Father, Lord Most High

Almighty Father,  Lord Most High by Vin­cent S. S. Coles

Almighty Father, Lord most high,
Who madest all, who fillest all,
Thy Name we praise and magnify,
For all our needs on Thee we call.

We offer to Thee of Thine own
Ourselves and all that we can bring,
In bread and cup before Thee shown,
Our universal offering.

All that we have we bring to Thee,
Yet all is naught when all is done,
Save that in it Thy love can see
The sacrifice of Thy dear Son.

By His command in bread and cup
His body and His blood we plead;
What on the cross He offered up
Is here our sacrifice indeed.

For all Thy gifts of life and grace,
Here we Thy servants humbly pray
That Thou wouldst look upon the face
Of Thine anointed Son today.

IGP Muhammed Adamu Retires All Deputy Inspectors-General of Police

According to the DIG “Well I believe the news of our retirement should be true and the Force Spokesman should be the best person to confirm it to you.

The Inspector-General of Police, IGP Muhammed Adamu has reportedly retired all the Deputy Inspectors-General of Police (DIGs“Officially, we have not received letter of retirement but I think the Force Public Relations Officer will confirm it to the media soon.”

The retired DIGs served with the recently retired IGP, Ibrahim Idris and were Adamu’s senior

The affected officers include DIG in charge of Finance and Administration, Maigari Dikko; DIG in charge of operations, Habila Joshak; DIG Information and Communications Technology, Emmanuel Inyang; and DIG in charge of Logistics and Supply, Agboola Oshodi-Glover.

Others are, DIG in charge of Research and Planning, Mohammed Katsina; DIG in charge of Training and Development, Sani Mohammed; and DIG in charge of Federal Criminal Investigation and Intelligence, Peace Ibekwe-Abdallah.

Underwater Search for The Missing Plane that Carried Emiliano Sala Commences

Over 4500 people donated to a GoFundMe page set up on January 25 to raise €300,000 to resume the hunt, with the target being reached in less than three days.

In the meantime, local fishing boats have been enlisted to help scour the surface water for the Piper PA-46 Malibu, which originally disappeared from radar close to the channel islands, before the submarine search gets underway.

"We have sourced and hired a survey vessel equipped with state of the art search equipment, which will be used to conduct an underwater search for the wreckage in the area of the last radar contact," Mearns said.

With the crowdfunding target now met, director of Bluewater Recoveries David Mearns spoke to the press.

"We have sourced and hired a survey vessel equipped with state of the art search equipment, which will be used to conduct an underwater search for the wreckage in the area of the last radar contact," Mearns said.

"The survey vessel is currently being mobilised in Southampton, and subject to weather conditions, will be re-positioned to Guernsey on Thursday or Friday this week.

"Based on current weather predictions, we are hopeful that the underwater search will begin on the weekend, most probably on Sunday."
An underwater search for the missing plane that was carrying Emiliano Sala to Cardiff is set to begin, it has been confirmed.

The Evolution of Money

Before the evolution money, exchange was done on the basis of direct exchange of goods and services. This direct exchange is known as the barter system. Barter system involves the direct exchange of one good for some quantity of other goods, for instance, exchanging a horse for a cow.
Consequently, this exchange at a time become more difficult in that people finds it very difficult to get someone that can exchange what they have to what they want.
Apparently, this problem of search resulted to the problem of barter system. Consequently, in the quest to solving the problem of barter resulted to the means of exchange that requires no goods for goods rather money for goods, which is classified as monetary evolution of money .
To further understand the monetary evolution of money, we will have to discuss each of the Era in the evolution of money, down to the credit money era as follows;

Novak Djokovic Wins Record 7th Australian Open Title

Today he was at the wrong end of one such final as Djokovic produced a masterclass and simply blew his Spanish opponent away.

Fans expecting another epic between the two titans were still treated to a stunning tennis match, albeit one-sided.

The marker was set right at the start as the Serbian took the first set in less than 30 minutes. Nadal managed to win just 1 out of the 21 receiving points as he conceded the first set, 6-3.
Novak Djokovic was relentless and didn't allow Rafa to find his feet. He served with precision and broke the Spaniard's serve twice in the 2nd set to win it 6-2. At that point, he had made 4 unforced errors to Rafa's 18. The pressure was telling on the 17-time Grandslam winner and for once, a comeback looked unlikely.

Novak Djokovic went from strength to strength and was so assured that he was magnanimous enough to applaud a rare moment of brilliance from his beleaguered opponent during one of the points.

The script was the same for the 3rd set as the World No.1 broke his opponent's serve early and with that his spirit. He consolidated on that break with his precise service game to see out the match.

Djokovic won his 15th Grandslam title after a comprehensive victory over Rafael Nadal at the Rod Laver Arena in the finals of the 2019 Australian Open.

Djokovic won imperiously in straight sets, 6-3 6-2 6-3. This is his 7th title in Melbourne - a record, going past Roger Federer and Roy Emerson.

There are times when finals don't quite live up to the expectations. Happened in 1999 when Andre Agassi was played out of the lawn by Pete Sampras in Wimbledon. 2008 French Open final saw Rafa Nadal ease past Roger Federer in straight sets.

Christian Couples And In- Laws

Father, help couples to treat their in-laws with the fear of God.

MEMORY VERSE: "And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband; and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore". Ruth 2:11.  


Now it came to pass, in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehem, Judah, went to dwell in the country of Moab, he and his wife and his two sons.
The name of the man [was] Elimelech, the name of his wife [was] Naomi, and the names of his two sons [were] Mahlon and Chilion -- Ephrathites of Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to the country of Moab and remained there.
Then Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons.
Now they took wives of the women of Moab: the name of the one [was] Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth. And they dwelt there about ten years.
Then both Mahlon and Chilion also died; so the woman survived her two sons and her husband.
Then she arose with her daughters-in-law that she might return from the country of Moab, for she had heard in the country of Moab that the LORD had visited His people by giving them bread.
Therefore she went out from the place where she was, and her two daughters-in-law with her; and they went on the way to return to the land of Judah.
And Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go, return each to her mother's house. The LORD deal kindly with you, as you have dealt with the dead and with me.
"The LORD grant that you may find rest, each in the house of her husband." Then she kissed them, and they lifted up their voices and wept.
And they said to her, "Surely we will return with you to your people."
But Naomi said, "Turn back, my daughters; why will you go with me? [Are] there still sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands?
"Turn back, my daughters, go -- for I am too old to have a husband. If I should say I have hope, [if] I should have a husband tonight and should also bear sons,
"would you wait for them till they were grown? Would you restrain yourselves from having husbands? No, my daughters; for it grieves me very much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD has gone out against me!"
Then they lifted up their voices and wept again; and Orpah kissed her mother-in-law, but Ruth clung to her.
And she said, "Look, your sister-in-law has gone back to her people and to her gods; return after your sister-in-law."
But Ruth said: "Entreat me not to leave you, [Or to] turn back from following after you; For wherever you go, I will go; And wherever you lodge, I will lodge; Your people [shall be] my people, And your God, my God.
Where you die, I will die, And there will I be buried. The LORD do so to me, and more also, If [anything but] death parts you and me."
When she saw that she was determined to go with her, she stopped speaking to her.

Christian couples are expected to live according to the dictates of God's word. For instance, the bible tells us that a man should leave his parents and cleave to his wife. Gen. 2:24. This shows that a line must be drawn between the families from which both parents originated and the new family the couple is building. However, bible admonishes us to honour our parents. Exodus 20:12; Deut.5:16 and do good to all men especially the members of our household. Gal.6:10. It should be noted that in-laws are people related to us by marriage and we should deal with them with godly wisdom. James 3:17.


i. The farewell speech of Naomi elicited sympathy from her daughter in-law, Orphah and Ruth. Both women from the country of Moab (Ruth 1:4) lifted up their voices and wept  Ruth 1:9-14.

ii. In their sympathy, both women wept, kissed their mother-in-law and promised to return to Judah with their mother-in-law. Ruth 1:9-10.

iii. But soon, one of the women, Ruth empathized Naomi hopeless condition and saw light in the cloud of emptiness. She WA's moved to declined the offer to return to Moab. She made up her mind to go to Judah where God has visited the people with abundance and she said, I will lodge where you lodge....your God will be my God. Ruth 1:6,16-17.

iv. The other woman, Orpah was beclouded with reality of sympathy. She must have concluded that truly, the situation was hopeless as posited by Naomi. She decided to go back to Moab and that was the end that was ever heard about her. Ruth 1:14.

v. But for Ruth, a new story line has just begun. Because she was steadfastly minded (Ruth 1:18), her story lingered on to New Testament and till today. God granted her true rest according to Naomi's prayer. Matt. 1:5; Ruth 1:9

1. Build a cordial relationship
2. The thin line


i. Teacher should sample the kind of relationship which exists in our society between the spouses and in-laws.
ii. Teacher should use Ruth & Naomi's relationship to buttress the scriptural pattern of relationship between spouses and their in-law.  
iii. Teacher should enumerate some guidelines which can foster good relationship between spouses and their in-law as indicated below:

a. Avoid preconceptions: Do relate with your in-laws from a biased perspective. Be open in your dealings with them. Rom. 12:10,16; 1Peter 3:8

b. Avoid acting like strangers: Do well to let your in-laws see you as another child of theirs and not a stranger. Prov.18:24; John 15:15.

c. Avoid damaging rules: Make sure you avoid rules that can destroy the relationship with your in-laws. (1Tim. 5:1-2). Be wise in all decisions relating to your in-laws especially in speech. Psalm 34:13; Col. 4:6.

d. Treat in-laws as important people and avoid strife.( Phil. 2:3). Exhibit maturity and patience with in-laws. 2Cor. 6:4.

e. Remain humble and encourage mutual submission. 1Pet. 5:5; Eph. 5:21.

f. Always seek peace and pursue it
Psalms 34:14; Rom.12:18
Identify advantages/benefits of relating well with in-laws.


The following guidelines would help parents or in-laws in their relationship with their sons/daughters in marriage:

i. In-laws to give breathing space to their married sons or daughters to enable them build a godly home. Col. 3:21.

ii. External interference should be avoided or be kept at lowest level. Matt. 19:4-6.

iii. In-laws can give godly counsels to their married sons and daughters without imposing their views  Eph. 6:4; Prov. 11:14; 19:20-21.

iv. In-laws can support their children in prayers. 1Tim.2:1

v. Couple should be allowed to take their own decisions.  

Class should discuss why it is important to allow couples to take decisions on matters that bother their families.

Christian couples should dignify their in-laws with respect and honour while the in-laws too should reciprocate same gesture.

Christian couples must relate with their in-laws in love and as light/salt of the world( Matt. 5:13-14).
Live at peace and remain humble at all times  Hebrews 12:14.

Father, help our in-laws and spouses to maintain scriptural-based cordial relationship with appropriate caution.

Identity five(5) things that can cause disaffection between in-laws and their married sons and daughters. Two mark for each points


1. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
O how I love Thee well,
I am happy, it makes me glad
To rejoice at Thy birth.

2. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
Thy friend friendship suits me well,
Both young and old will sing Thy song,
We long for Sunday School.

3. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
Christ was Thy first teacher,
The Holy Spirit, great teacher,
Does manifest in thee.

4. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
This testimony is sure,
That God, the Father Almighty,
Poured His blessing on Thee.

5. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
Though the sun be so bright,
Or if the clouds be black with rain,
I'll be in Sunday School.

6. O Sunday School, on the Lord's day,
I rejoice to see Thee,
Will thou pass over me today?
Without my being blest?

Reference: RCCG Sunday School Teacher's Manual Lesson Twenty- Two,  2018/2019 Session.