The White House wants the U.S. to use all available public and private resources to combat the issue of space junk, including that the Commerce Department "will make space safety data and services" available to the public. The Pentagon will continue to maintain its current catalog of objects – data it sells to satellite operators.

Trump's directive on Monday also requires an unspecified entity update the U.S. Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices and the creation of new guidelines for satellite design and operation. There are no time frames to implementation for any of the guidelines or requirements in the directive.

President Donald Trump signed the third space directive of his presidency Monday, urging the Defense Department and Commerce Department to step up the United States' ability to track objects in space and protect against the increasing threat from debris in orbit around the Earth.

The U.S. military is already tracking more than 23,000 objects in space around the Earth and several companies are planning to add thousands more satellites to orbit over the next few years.

According to AGI, a company which provides software to commercial and government entities to analyze and track objects, the current public catalogs "only account for about 4 percent of the objects in space around the Earth," AGI Vice President Travis Langster told CNBC in March. "This new policy directs the Department of Commerce to provide a basic level of space situational awareness, for public and private use, based on the space catalog compiled by the Department of Defense," Pence said in April.