CONTENT: 1. Meaning of marriage
                  2. Functions of marriage
MEANING OF MARRIAGE. GEN. 2: 22-25, EPH. 5:21-31
Marriage is the legal union or relationship between a man and a woman to become husband and wife. Marriage was instituted by God right from the time of creation.  After creating Adam, God saw that it was not good that man should be alone. He decided to make a woman as a help-meet for man.  Therefore the original plan of God was and is still that a matured man and a matured woman will come together as husband and wife.  The idea of homosexuals/lesbian i.e. people of the same sex getting married or sleeping together as married people is sin, or polygamists i.e. a man marrying many wives is not God’s plan for His people. This is not according to the word of God and should be discouraged. All these are evil practices of men that are against God’s plan for man.
  1. Procreation – God commanded man to be fruitful, multiply, replenish and subdue the earth. Through marriage and child bearing God’s plan is being fulfilled.
  2. Companionship – God saw that man was alone and it was not good. So He created the woman as a helper and companion for man so that man is not lonely.
  3. Chastity – Marriage is to prevent man from living like animals. It discourages all forms of bestial behavior, prostitution and sexual immorality that God instituted marriage for human beings. This is to make them different from lower animals because man is the image of God.

Other functions include:
  1. Raising godly generation for God. God intend to raise God fearing generation through marriage as they procreate
  2. Prevention of Terrible Diseases – Marriage is to prevent all forms of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Herpes, HIV/AIDS and forms of deadly diseases that are attacking disobedient people today.
  3. Responsibility: There are responsibilities or duties for husband and wife in marriage in the home and in the home and in the community (Read Ephesians 5: 21-31)
Moral Lessons:
  1. Man is to encourage life and not to terminate life. So Christians are to avoid and discourage abortions.
  2. God has created all things that will make man enjoy the earth, so there is no need for any lack or for man to become selfish or greedy.
  3. Marriage is an institution established by God for man and woman to come together as husband and wife. Other form of human relationships like homosexuality, lesbianism or gay marriage etc are very sinful and should be discouraged.
  4. Sexual immorality is not part of God’s plan for man. It is a sin before God and shall attract punishment from Him
  1. The first reason for given Adam a woman by God is (a)procreation (b)chastity (c)companionship (d)responsibility (e)cooking
  2. Which of the following forms of human relationship is approved by God (a)gay marriage (b)lesbianism  (c)homosexuality (d)marriage between a man and a woman (e)polygamy
  3. Sexual immorality or unholy relationships attracts (a) God’s favour (b) God’s wrath (c) God’s blessing (d) God’s permission (e)God’s approval
  4. Legal union between a mature man and a woman is referred to as (a)friendship (b) marriage (c)courtship (d) responsibility (e) companionship
  5. Unholy relationships among teenagers can lead to all but one of the following (a) sexually transmitted diseases  (b) death (c) unwanted pregnancy (d) expulsion from school (e) academic success
Essay Questions:
  1. Define marriage
  2. List five functions of marriage
ASSIGNMENT: (Read Ephesians 5: 21-31)



To repent means to regret, be sorry, feel sorrow or feel ashamed for any wrong done. Therefore, repentance is the act of regretting or feeling sorry or ashamed for any wrongdoing. It is the realization that what we have done is bad/wrong and we are ready to apologize and ask for forgiveness.

David was the second King of Israel. The Israelite army was fighting against the Ammonites. David did not go to fight the war. One day as he was walking on the roof top of his house, he saw a beautiful woman next door taking her bath. David asked his servants who the woman was. They told him that she was Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, the Hittite, one of his soldiers fighting in the war against the Ammonites. Later, he told his servants to bring the woman to his palace. The woman came and David slept with her and she became pregnant.
David called Uriah from the battlefield and tricked him to go home to sleep with his wife so that (he) David could make him responsible for the pregnancy. But Uriah refused and in the end David had him killed in the battle. David then married Bathsheba, who later gave birth to a son.
David did not feel sorry for the wrong he had done. Therefore, God sent the prophet Nathan to call him to repentance. Nathan told David the story of a poor man who had one lamb and a rich man who had plenty of sheep and goats.  One day, the rich man had a visitor and he took the lamb of the poor man and killed it for his visitor.
When David heard the story he became angry and said the rich man should be put to death. The prophet told him that he was the ‘rich man’ in the story. When David realized that what he had done was wrong, he repented. He felt very sorry and asked God for forgiveness; and God forgave him. The call of David to repentance and his response is found in Psalm 51.


Zacchaeus , a short man, was a chief tax collector in the town of Jericho. He used to cheat the people by collecting more than the tax he was supposed to collect. He made use of the surplus tax for himself (fraud). One day, Jesus was passing through Jericho to Jerusalem. Many people came to see him. Zacchaeus was among them. But because he was short , he climbed a tree to see Jesus pass by:  When Jesus reached where Zacchaeus was , he asked him to come down from the tree. Jesus told him that he would spend the night in his house . Zacchaeus was very happy and walked Jesus to his house. But the people were not happy because Zacchaeus was a bad man who did not feel sorry for cheating  the people. And so, they protested and said:

    “Jesus had gone to be the guest of a bad man.

Both Jesus and Zacchaeus heard the protest . Zacchaeus then saw the protest as a call to repentance. He felt ‘ashamed’ for having cheated the people all this while. He promised to refund all the surplus tax he had taken from the people. Jesus was very happy for the  repentance of Zacchaeus, and said:
  “Today, salvation has come to Zacchaeus.”  

The people of Nineveh were evil in their ways. They did many evil things to one another. They were wicked. They did not help those in trouble. They did not feel sorry for all the wrong that they had done and they continued to do.
God told the Prophet Jonah to go and call the people of Nineveh to repentance otherwise He would destroy them. At first he refused and ran away from God’s directive to Tarshish but later went to the town of Nineveh and called the people there to repentance. God said through Jonah that Nineveh would be overthrown in forty days time.  The people felt sorry of all the bad things that they had done. They repented by proclaiming a fast, putting on sackcloth, the king arose from his throne, removed his robe, and covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes and asked God for forgiveness. And, God forgave them.
God sent John the Baptist to the Jews to call them to repentance. He preached to them the baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. The people regretted their wrong doings. They came to John to confess their sins. John the Baptist baptized all the people who repented of their sins.
Then, they asked John the Baptist what they should do and he told them to be of good behaviour. John the Baptist then told them that the baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins was to prepare them for the coming of Jesus Christ, who will baptize them with the Holy Spirit.
The work of the Holy Spirit will be:
  • to take away the evil influence of the devil
  • to destroy the power of sin
  • to melt the heart of stone that caused them to do evil things replacing it with the heart of flesh.
  • He will allow the Holy Spirit to give them spiritual power to obey God and to become righteous.
CONSEQUENCES OF LACK OF REPENTANCE (I SAMUEL 3:18, 4:10-21) God is not happy with those who lack repentance. He punishes them for their refusal to feel sorry in repentance, regret their actions and ask for forgiveness. In the Bible, Hophni and Phinehas were two brothers whom God punished for their lack of repentance.
Hophni and Phinehas were the sons of Eli - a Prophet in Israel in charge of the house of God at Shiloh. His sons were assistant Priests who helped him with the work of God. Hophni and Phinehas did so many evil in the sight of God with hardened heart.
At times, they desired their share of the meat for sacrifice raw and even forcefully. At other times, the women  that came for sacrifice were forced into sin right at the altar of God.
God in his infinite mercy sent message to Eli through Samuel. He replied Samuel “it is the Lord; let Him do what seemeth Him good”. In the long run, God punished them because they failed to repent from their sins. the same day Eli died, his two sons died, his daughter-in-law - Phinehas’ wife died during child birth (named the child Ichabod), and the ark of God was taken.  
  • The following is the summary of the consequences of sin:
1. Death: as in the case of Hophine and  Phinehas.
2. Lack of Revelation: God’s will and purpose cannot be revealed to a sinner who refuses to confess his /her     sins.
3. Unfulfilled purpose of God for one’s life: as in the case of Samson in (Judges 16)
4. Incurring the wrath of God:
1. King David, Zacchaeus, the people of Nineveh and the Jews in the time of John the Baptist, responded to the call to repentance. Thus, you must learn to respond to the call to repentance by praying to God to give you the mind to say sorry and ask for forgiveness like the aforementioned people did.
2. God punishes those who show lack of repentance. Therefore, you must learn to pray to God to help you show repentance so as to avoid being punished by Him.
3. The consequences of wrong doing affect and destroy us. Hence, you must learn to pray to God to give you spiritual power to avoid wrongdoing in order to escape its consequences.



The Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary defines God as the Supreme Being of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, creator and ruler of the universe.

God is generally accepted as the creator of the world. When there was no heaven and earth there has been God. God is the uncreated spirit being who existed before the beginning of time.
God is the sovereign Lord of the universe. Because He is the creator of all creatures. God is also the provider of all needs. Before He created man He knew that man would eat, and so he created countless plants bearing fruits for him to eat.
He has final authority and power over everything He created. E.g. weather, seasons, storms, floods, earthquakes, man, sun, moon, mountains, rivers etc.
Attributes of God

God is the almighty, the creator, the omnipotent, omniscience, the great healer, the sustainer of heaven and earth, God is love, kind, just, holy, the most powerful, merciful, omnipresent, God is Invisible.
Names of God in Nigerian Languages
Various tribes in Nigeria call God different names based on their beliefs and attributes of God e.g. the Yoruba call God Olodumare, Olorun, Oba Iyanu etc., meaning the owner of sky, the owner of heaven and king of wonders respectively.

The Igbos call God Chukwu or Chineke meaning great God or creator. Nupe call God Soko, that is the owner of the world. Hausa call God Ubangiji, meaning the supreme God. The Urhobos call God Oghene, that is, the creator. Ijaw call Him Tamara, that is, the supreme protector. Ibibio call Him Abasi meaning great God. Itsekiri call God Oritse, meaning creator or mighty God etc.
God’s Creation Of The World
It is generally believed that the whole world and the heavens were created by God. There are various accounts of creation. Creation is the act of making or causing something to be or exist. It is a way of bringing out something new.
The Bible record of creation is that in the beginning, the whole world was without form, void and darkness was on the surface of the deep.  In the first account of creation, God spent six days in creating the world while He rested on the seventh day and hallowed the seventh day.
Day 1 God created the light Gen. 1: 1-5.
Day 2 God created the firmament, i.e. the heavens, the sky and the clouds. Gen.    1:6-8
Day 3 God created the seas, land and vegetation; trees, grasses and other plants Gen 1:9-13.
Day 4 God created the heavenly bodies – the Sun, Moon, Stars and other planets. There are two great lights created to control day and night. For example, the sun is to shine and rule the day, while the moon and the stars are to shine and rule the night. Gen.1:14-19
Day 5 All kinds of sea creatures such as fishes, whales and every kind of birds were created. These creatures were good in the sight of God and He blessed them and commanded them to be fruitful, multiply and fill the sea, the sky and the land. Gen. 1:20-23.
Day 6 God created all kinds of land animals on land like the elephant, the lion, cows, sheep, goats etc. Finally, God created man in His own image and likeness. He created them male and female. He commanded them to be fruitful, multiply and replenish the earth. God also gave man dominion over all the earth and put man in charge of other things He created on the earth. Gen.1:24-31.
Day 7God ended his work of creation on the sixth day and rested on the seventh day. He hallowed (made holy) the seventh day
Human beings share in God’s creation
Man is the crown of creation. He shares in God’s creation in the following ways
  1. Giving names  to other animals created.  Gen.2:19,20.
  2. Reproduction – Man continues in the work of creation by giving birth to children, in order to replenish the earth as God commanded.
  3. Scientific Inventions – Right from creation, man continued in the work of creation in a primitive way of tilling the ground to farm, but now, man is advanced through scientific inventions in the area of mechanized agriculture, means of transportation, e.g. cars, railways, lorries, aero planes, etc. Also, in the area of Communication, there are telephone, internet computers, television etc. There are advancements in medicine and in every field of human endeavours including modern housing.
  4. Development of Natural Resources – Man continued in creation work be tapping and developing natural resources for human benefit and progress. e.g. drilling of crude oil for refining petroleum products, gas, power such as electricity, manufacturing of Iron and Steel, making of paper and furniture from wood etc.
Activity: As a being that shares in God’s creation, make something on your own and submit it to your Educator when you return after mid-term break
Why God Created Human Beings.
    God created the first set of human beings. First, God created man. God created man from the dust of the earth. God then breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and man became a human being. God called him Adam.
God saw that it was not good that man should be alone and He promised to make an helper for him.  The lord caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam and He removed one the ribs and closed it up with flesh. God made a woman out of the rib and brought her to Adam. When Adam saw her, he was happy and said, “This is now the bone of my bone, and the flesh of my flesh, she shall be called woman because she was taken out of man”. Adam gave the name Eve to the woman because she was the mother of all living.
    God created human beings in order to know, worship and serve him.
Songs About Creation In English And Different Nigerian Languages.
  1. All things bright and beautiful,
All creatures great and small
All things wise and wonderful
The Lord God made them all . etc.
  1. Heavenly Lord
Your name is Wonderful
Your name is Beautiful
I worship you Lord
For you are Mighty
You’ ve got the whole world in your hands; etc.
  1. Thou art Worthy, thou art worthy O Lord;
To receive glory, honour and power;
For thou hast created, all things for thy pleasure;
They are and were created.





The Atletico boss  slammed the current Argentina set-up for a lack of leadership and called for some fight from the players, claiming the squad currently looks 'lost'."

Cristiano Ronaldo is more capable of lifting his national team than Lionel Messi, according to Atletico Madrid boss and former Argentina international Diego Simeone.

Messi was widely criticised following his country's humiliating 3-0 defeat to Croatia on Thursday , leaving the Albiceleste's chances of qualifying for the round of 16 in pieces.

And former Argentina international Simeone believes that it's Ronaldo's performances amongst a 'normal team' in the Portugal national side which sees him above countryman Messi.

“Messi is very good but he is very good because he is accompanied by extraordinary players," Simeone said.

“But if you had to choose between Messi and Ronaldo for a normal team, who would you choose?”

Simeone is said to have made the comments in a WhatsApp audio message to Atletico assistant, German Burgos, which has since been leaked in Spain.

“What we saw against Croatia is the picture of what has happened over the past four years unfortunately,” Simeone said. "Anarchy, no leadership from the FA or the people in charge.


Nigeria were poor in the first half - failing to record a single shot  but they were much improved after the break, Musa adding another to his personal tally in the 75th minute as Iceland's rock-like resilience crumbled.

After Gylfi Sigurdsson missed a late penalty, Heimir Hallgrimsson's side could be heading home from their first World Cup unless they beat already qualified Croatia and Argentina do not take three points against Nigeria, although goal difference could yet come into play.

Ahmed Musa struck both goals as Nigeria boosted their World Cup qualification hopes with a 2-0 defeat of Iceland, a result that is also good news for Argentina.

Lionel Messi's team were pushed to the brink of an early exit after a stunning 3-0 loss to Croatia on Thursday, but victory in their final Group D game against Nigeria could now send them through to the last 16.

Musa was left out of Nigeria's loss to Croatia but he justified his recall to the side with the opening goal shortly after the interval at the Volgograd Arena on Friday.

The forward controlled a cross from Victor Moses and thumped an unstoppable drive into the roof of the net, with Musa becoming the Super Eagles' top scorer in the history of the tournament courtesy of his third World Cup goal.



In obedience to the Jesus’ injunction to his disciples to stay together in Jerusalem, they all returned to Jerusalem where they went into a house, staying together as a community. One of their earliest actions was the replacement of Judas Iscariot, who had long committed suicide following his betrayal of Jesus. To this end, Barnabas and matthias were selected, but after several rounds of prayer, they cast lots and finally, Matthias was chosen to replace Judas iscariot.

At the ascension of Jesus Christ into heaven, the number of the disciples including women was about one hundred and twenty (120). After Peter’s speech on the day of Pentecost about three thousand souls were baptized and added to the Church. Also after the prayer of Peter and John for the crippled man at the beautiful gate who got healed during the hour of prayer, about five thousand men were converted and added to the church.
The converts all stayed in Jerusalem with the disciples. They formed the early Church. There was a sense of togetherness and belonging among members of the early Church. They were of one heart and one mind, they did everything in common.

The Characteristics of the early Church can be summarized as follows:
1. They devoted themselves to the Apostles’ teaching and fellowship.
2.  They lived communal life; they had everything common.
3. They broke Bread together. This means they took Holy Communion together.
4. The rich and others sold their properties and possessions and brought all the money to the apostles’ feet.
5. They worshipped in the temple daily.
6. They distributed food and clothing to all the members, as any had need.
7. They prayed Together.
8. They were always praising God.
9. They ate food with glad and generous hearts.
10. Everybody worked for the good of others in order to build a strong Church .

Like any other organization of human beings, the joy and communal licing among the brethren gave way to human weaknesses and problems. In the early church dishonesty and discrimination came in to destroyed the spirit of fellowship but was quickly stopped by the apostles.

Fraud is a form of cheating or stealing that results from dishonesty. It is a way of denying others their share from the Church, State or Nation through deceit and corruption. In our present day ,people in churches and society engage in widespread fraud to enrich themselves. Some people who collect tithes for the Church or taxes for the Nation, keep part of the money collected for their personal use. Such acts are fraudulent. Just as fraud (corruption) is today, so it was in the early Church.
Some members of the early Church were not honest.  Ananias and Sapphira were bad people. The two agreed to sell their property and bring the money to a common fund but after they had sold the property, they surrendered part of the money and kept back the rest for their own use. The husband came first and lied to Peter that he had brought the entire money. Peter made it known to him that he had told a lie not to him but to the Holy Spirit. Immediately Ananias fell down and died. Some people came in, carried him away and buried him.After a while his wife Sapphira came in and also lied that she and her husband had brought the entire amount. Immediately, she also fell down and died and was buried beside her husband. A great fear came upon all the members of the early Church.
1.  Ananias and Sapphira were misguided into thinking that they could serve both God and Mammon (money and riches).
2.  One can deceive a fellow man but cannot deceive God who reads the heart of man.
3.  The Church was establised by God and controlled by the Holy Spirit. Members must work in accordance with the guidelines set up by the Holy Spirit.
4.  God’s judgment is certain.
5.  God punishes sin of disobedience.
6.  We should give with sincerity/honesty.

To murmur is to grumble, to show discontent. It is also to whisper in low tones to express displeasure; especially when a group of people realize that things are not being done the right way or they are being discriminated against.
There was discrimination among members of the early church. This came about during the distribution of food and other things. The Jews who were from Jerusalem and Palestine (Hebrews) were given special treatment while the Jews born outside Jerusalem and Palestine ( Grecian Jews or Hellenites) especially the widows, were treated differently. They were discriminated against and were not given the food and other things they requested for. As a result, the Grecian Jews murmured and complained bitterly.
The problem of dishonesty and hypocrisy was solved by the death of the couple involved (Ananias and Sapphira) the same day. Fear gripped the other disciples and they all served God with singleness of heart.

In order to solve the discrimination and partiality problem in the distribution of food and other items among the early Christians, the apostles discussed the matter. Peter made it known, that they (apostles) cannot leave the work of preaching and ministering the word of God to serve tables and supervise the distribution of food and other things. He suggested that they should choose seven men who will become deacons to supervise the distribution of food and other things, and ensure that nobody was discriminated against. Peter stated the qualities expected of the seven deacons. These qualities are listed below:
1. They should be men of good repute, i.e. men of good character.
2.They should be men of wisdom and understanding.
3.They should be men filled with the Holy Spirit.
The following men that fit into the criteria were chosen by the early Church as deacons: Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas and Nicolas. Due to the selection of the seven deacons, the discrimination and the grumbling in the church stopped as there was now equitable distribution of food and other things.